Libotlolo tse tloaelehileng tsa khalase li etsoa joang?Ke ne ke sa lebella hore mokhoa ona o tla ba o rarahaneng hakaalo

Libotlolo tsa khalase li ka bonoa hohle bophelong.E entsoe ka khalase e entsoeng ka amorphous inorganic non-metallic material.Glass: Ntho e tiileng e batlang e bonaletsa e bopang sebopeho sa netweke se tswelang pele ha se qhibidiha.Nakong ea ts'ebetso ea pholileng, viscosity e ntse e eketseha butle-butle 'me e thatafala ntle le ho khantša lisebelisoa tsa silicate tse se nang tšepe.Sebopeho sa khalase e tloaelehileng ea lik'hemik'hale oxide (Na2O · CaO · 6SiO2).
 

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glass bottle

Ts'ebetso ea tlhahiso ea botlolo ea khalase haholo-holo e kenyelletsa:

 
①Ho sebetsa pele ho lisebelisoa tse tala.Silakanya lisebelisoa tse tala tse ngata (lehlabathe la quartz, soda ash, limestone, feldspar, joalo-joalo) ho omisa lisebelisoa tse tala tse metsi, le ho tlosa tšepe linthong tse tala tse nang le tšepe ho netefatsa boleng ba khalase.

② Tokiso ea lisebelisoa tsa batch.

③ Ho qhibiliha.Thepa ea batch ea khalase e futhumatsoa ka mocheso o phahameng (1550 ~ 1600 likhato) ka sebōping sa tanka kapa sebōpi sa crucible ho etsa khalase ea metsi e sa tšoaneng, e se nang bubble e finyellang litlhoko tsa ho bōptjoa.
 
④Ho theha.Khalase ea mokelikeli e etsoa lihlahisoa tsa sebopeho se hlokahalang, tse kang lipoleiti tse bataletseng, lisebelisoa tse sa tšoaneng, joalo-joalo, tse tsejoang ka hore ke lisebelisoa tse senyang.

⑤ Kalafo ea mocheso.Ka annealing, quenching le mekhoa e meng, mabaka a utloahalang ke ho felisa kapa ho hlahisa khatello ea kelello, karohano ea mekhahlelo kapa crystallization ka har'a khalase, le ho fetola boemo ba sebopeho sa khalase.Hangata libotlolo tsa khalase li na le letšoao le thata, 'me letšoao le lona le entsoe ka sebōpeho sa hlobo.Ho ea ka mokhoa oa ho etsa tlhahiso, ho bōptjoa ha libotlolo tsa khalase ho ka aroloa ka mefuta e meraro: ho fofa ka letsoho, ho phunya ka mechine le ho bōptjoa ha extrusion.Khaola le ho halefa ho etsa botlolo ea khalase.

⑥Botlolo ea khalase e bile le liphetoho tse matla tsa mocheso le liphetoho tsa sebopeho nakong ea ho bopa, 'me phetoho ena e siea khatello ea mocheso ka khalase.Khatello e joalo ea mocheso e tla fokotsa matla le botsitso ba mocheso oa sehlahisoa sa khalase.Haeba e pholile ka ho toba, e ka 'na ea qhoma ka boeona nakong ea ho pholile kapa hamorao nakong ea polokelo, ea ho tsamaisa le ho sebelisoa.E le ho felisa ts'ebetso ea ho phatloha ha serame, sehlahisoa sa khalase se tlameha ho kenngoa ka mor'a hore se thehoe.Annealing ke ho boloka mocheso ka har'a mocheso o itseng kapa ho pholile butle-butle ka nako e itseng ho felisa kapa ho fokotsa khatello ea mocheso ka khalase ho ea boleng bo amohelehang.Ho phaella moo, lihlahisoa tse ling tsa khalase li ka thatafatsoa e le ho eketsa matla a tsona.Ho kenyeletsoa ho rigidization 'meleng (ho tima), e sebelisetsoang likhalase tse teteaneng, likhalase tsa desktop, lifensetere tsa koloi, joalo-joalo;le rigidization ea lik'hemik'hale (phapanyetsano ea ion), e sebelisetsoang khalase ea sekoahelo sa oache, khalase ea sefofane, joalo-joalo Molao-motheo oa ho thatafatsa ke ho hlahisa khatello ea kelello holim'a khalase ho eketsa matla a eona.
 
 
Pele ho hlahisoa libotlolo tse ntle tsa veine tsa khalase, ho na le liqubu tsa lehlabathe la quartz, molora oa soda, limestone, borax le liminerale tse ling.Ka mor'a ts'ebetso e ka holimo, haeba ho na le mekhoa e mebala-bala ka libotlolong tsa khalase, ho na le mekhoa e mengata, ka ho phatloha ha libotlolo tsa khalase.Ka mor'a ho bōptjoa, ho fafatsa le ho qhoqhoa, 'me qetellong ho ngola lipalesa le ho baka lipalesa, li ka kenngoa le ho romelloa ho moetsi.Na mokhoa oa tlhahiso ea libotlolo tsa khalase o ntse o le boima le ho feta, 'me lintlha li bohlokoa haholo, ho seng joalo li tla ama boleng ba libotlolo tsa khalase ka ho teba.


Nako ea poso: Dec-23-2021